LONDON (Thomson Reuters Foundation) – Just in the last decade, Portugal’s capital city has cut its energy use and climate-changing emissions, installed one of the world’s biggest electric-car charging networks and expanded cycling, walking and public green space.
The shifts have eased air pollution, cut costs and this year led to the city being named Europe’s “Green Capital” for 2020 – the first such designation for a southern European capital.
But Lisbon still struggles with a city centre hollowed out by high housing prices and a proliferation of apartments turned into short-term tourist rentals, which forces many workers to motor in from homes in the suburbs, said Mayor Fernando Medina.
Now officials hope to turn a new challenge – the coronavirus lockdown, which has flattened many European economies – into a tool to wrest Lisbon onto a more sustainable housing path.
Under a new Renda Segura – “secure income” – programme, the city is trying to lure apartment owners who turned to short lets to ride the city’s tourism boom into renting to locals instead, with a city-guaranteed return.
Currently about 25,000 apartments are registered as short-term lets, about 8% of the city’s total, said Medina, who has led Lisbon, a city of a half-million people, since 2015.
The Renda Segura idea pre-dates the coronavirus pandemic, the mayor said, but as tourists stay home, Lisbon’s empty flats – and owners’ dwindling bank balances – may now make the offer more enticing.
So far, about 100 apartment owners have expressed interest in the plan, which aims to secure 1,000 housing units this year, Medina said.
“Right now they are getting nothing. We have made a solution for them,” the mayor said in a telephone interview with the Thomson Reuters Foundation.
Under the 4-million-euro ($4.5 million) deal, owners who agree to rent their flats to locals for five years will pay no tax on the rental income, which will be guaranteed by the city, said Medina, an economist.
The city will offer the flats to young and middle-class residents at rents amounting to no more than a third of their net income, subsidising the difference between that and the market rate for landlords, the mayor said.
The plan aims to draw back into the city centre residents who fled soaring prices as tourism surged – while cutting commuting, congestion and air pollution, he said.
“We want a city with less pollution, with more people, with much less inequality and with many more opportunities for all,” said the mayor, who took over a green push started by his predecessor António Costa, now Portugal’s prime minister.
Medina recognises winning over landlords is likely to be a big challenge, with memories of tourism windfalls still recent and hopes for a quick rebound high in the ocean-front city.
“I believe many of the owners are betting tourism is going to recover and they’re going to see it as it was before,” he said. “But I think they are not betting well”.
‘WINDOW OF OPPORTUNITY’
The coronavirus lockdown has accelerated other green changes in Lisbon too, Medina said, from expansion of walking areas to the addition of about 100 new public spaces, most by September.
More than 100 km (62 miles) of new cycle paths are scheduled to be built before next spring, about 80% of them this year, with new routes focused for the first time on connecting homes and workplaces, he said.
Medina views the coronavirus pandemic as “the moment to speed up the sustainabity agenda”, which in Lisbon has focused on reducing city sprawl, cars and commuting, and producing a denser, cyclable city with more affordable housing.
“We need to be bold and to act fast. We have a window of opportunity and we need to use it,” he said.
One huge help in pushing ahead now is wider understanding of the benefits of some of the green changes, with cycle paths and public squares getting heavy use during the lockdown and Lisbon’s air becoming clearer than normal.
“There are signs that people are more aware and willing to make things different,” he said – though the risk of people getting back into their cars, particularly with fear of public transport high at the moment, was substantial, he added.
The mayor also hopes to persuade businesses to back proposed chang